Reconnaissance et soins infirmiers : expérience vécue et actions politiques d’infirmières québécoises exerçant dans des secteurs de soins spécialisés

Authors: Lynch-Bérard, Mélie-Jade
Advisor: Martin, Patrick
Abstract: In recent years, in Quebec, the nursing profession has continued to change and redefine it self. As a general nurse practicing mainly in hospitals, various extended roles associated with specialized care sectors have been created, such as that of specialized nurse practitioner. The deployment of these roles is linked, among other things, to the increased and complex care/service needs of an aging population living with chronic diseases and to the exploding costs associated with these requests. The emerging role of nurse practitioner is predominantly played by women. This gendered characteristic is certainly not foreign to the multiple constraints experienced by these professionals in environments where entrepreneurial-type governance is increasingly felt. Researchers, theorists and activists have taken an interest in this phenomenon and have notably denounced the fact that care activities are little recognized. The repercussions of the lack of recognition on nurses practicing in specialized care sectors are not unrelated to this phenomenon, but they remain largely unknown in the eyes of the scientific literature. The aim of this descriptive qualitative research is to explore the recognition practices experienced on a daily basis by Quebec nurses working in different sectors of specialized care, more particularly nurse practitioner, and the way in which these experiences have repercussions on the latter and on their conditions of care. The individual and collective actions, actions of a political nature, that these nurses mobilize or would like to mobilize are also investigated with in the framework of this project, and of the larger research project in which it is part, and this, in order to promote taking into account their socio-political demands aimed at obtaining the recognition they are entitled to obtain. Epistemologically, our study falls within the critical theory allowing us to use theoretical reflections offeminist and postmodernist type. At the end of this study, the results indicate that these nurses mainly receive recognition from patients, and this, more particularly according to the time they give them. Lack of awareness of their role, by the population and by the professionals with whom they work, has a direct impact on there cognition they receive on a daily basis. Undue control of their professional practice has the effect of considerably degrading their working conditions. The latter are aware of the importance of acting politically to take more place in the social sphere, but are constrained, at several levels, to the deployment of their political actions.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 26 April 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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