Mise en récit et compréhension en lecture de personnes autistes de haut niveau ou Asperger : le cas des textes professionnels

Authors: Cantin, Camille
Advisor: Clerc, Isabelle
Abstract: Storytelling has been growing in popularity in many fields such as marketing, politics and science which brought us to question the relevance of this technique in writing. We chose a population of high-level autistic people or Asperger's because they have a different understanding than people without autism and only a few texts are adapted to their needs. From this perspective, we propose to understand the influence of storytelling on the reading comprehension of high-level autistic people or Asperger's on two professional texts addressing the same subject but possessing different dominant structures. To understand this influence, we relied on the relevance theory of Sperber and Wilson (1989), in particular by using "cognitive effects" and "processing efforts" concepts to measure relevance. We recruited ten participants and divided them into two groups: a group to read and annotate the informative text and a group to read and annotate the narrative text. We used three data collection techniques: the questionnaire, the plus-minus method and the semi-structured interview. Research results show that storytelling has a real influence on reading comprehension of high-level autistic people or Asperger's but that influence is not homogeneous: it has several degrees of relevance, ranging from relevant to irrelevant. Depending on many aspects, storytelling is relevant for one participant, but not for another. The writer should therefore always strive to adapt his text to the background of his reader to optimize relevance.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 12 April 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/68783
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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