Transmission d'énergie sans fil pour les implants biomédicaux

Authors: Jouaicha, Hicham
Advisor: Gosselin, Benoit
Abstract: In recent years, the progress of implantable electronic devices powered by wireless technologies has evolved continuously and the need for wireless and sustainable power becomes necessary for the development of these devices. The transmission of energy without wire is one of the key technologies used lately to power biomedical implants and which has been the subject of scientific research for the treatment of several diseases such as chronic diseases. Research in neuroscience is indeed one of the applications where wireless energy transfer has improved the performance of neural implants and participated in reducing the size, complexity, and power consumption of these devices. Since these implants cannot use large batteries due to the limited space of these implants and to avoid the risk associated with the surgery, the change of the folds which can also change the results of experiment. In this thesis, a wireless energy transmission system by inductive coupling is presented, this system is used to power a neural interface. Which has made it possible to avoid the use of large batteries or cables to provide energy to these interfaces and which has increase the lifespan of implantable batteries in order to perform electrophysiological operations on living animals and in the long term, this will help physicians and neuroscientists to follow the behavior of these animals in free movement and during a long period of time and in complete safety. The developed wireless platform uses an energy cage to perform these operations and to distribute the power in several positions according to the displacements and the movements carried out by the animals of the tests inside the cage. The work carried out in this thesis provides new strategies for the optimal design of wireless power systems, with innovations and strong experimental results. It also includes the development of four systems with innovations. Firstly, the architecture of each system will be genuinely presented. Furthermore, the performance of the system for testing of the experimental will be explained. The results of these tests will be indeed interpreted in comparison with existing systems. A validation of these results will be finally performed with live animals to test the functionality of the platform in a real setting.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 12 April 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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