A new care model reduces polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications in Long-Term Care

Authors: Tisnado Garland, CarolinaGuénette, LineKröger, EdeltrautCarmichael, Pierre-HuguesRouleau, RachelSirois, Caroline
Abstract: Objectives: Assess the impact of a new pharmaceutical care model on (1) polypharmacy and (2) potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Design: Pragmatic quasi-experimental study with a control group. This multifaceted model enables pharmacists and nurses to increase their professional autonomy by enforcing laws designed to expand their scope of practice. It also involves a strategic reorganization of care, interdisciplinary training, and systematic medication reviews. Setting and Participants: Two LTCFs exposed to the model (409 residents) were compared to 2 control LTCFs (282 residents) in Quebec, Canada. All individuals were aged 65 years or older and residing in included LTCFs. Measures: Polypharmacy ( 10 medications) and PIM (2015 Beers criteria) were analyzed throughout 12 months between March 2017 and June 2018. Groups were compared before and after implementation using repeated measures mixed Poisson or logistic regression models, adjusting for potential confounding variables. Results: Over 12 months, for regular medications, polypharmacy decreased from 42% to 20% (exposed group) and from 50% to 41% (control group) [difference in differences (DID): 13%, P < .001]. Mean number of PIMs also decreased from 0.79 to 0.56 (exposed group) and from 1.08 to 0.90 (control group) (DID: 0.05, P ¼ .002). Conclusions and Implications: Compared with usual care, this multifaceted model reduced the probability of receiving 10 medications and the mean number of PIMs. Greater professional autonomy, reorganization of care, training, and medication review can optimize pharmaceutical care. As the role of pharmacists is expanding in many countries, this model shows what could be achieved with increased professional autonomy of pharmacists and nurses in LTCFs.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 19 November 2020
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/68707
This document was published in: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, Vol. 22 (1), 141-147 (2021)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2020.09.039
ScienceDirect
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.jamda.2020.09.039
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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