Étude des représentations sociales de la violence sexuelle chez les immigrantes africaines à Québec

Authors: Ndao, Adja Diodio
Advisor: Brodeur, Normand
Abstract: In Quebec City, there is a low attendance of African immigrant women in the services for victims of sexual violence. To understand this phenomenon, we developed this mixed study with a constructivist perspective on social representations of sexual violence and the available assistance. Its aims were to find out how African immigrant women in Quebec City represent sexual violence and the available assistance. To answer these questions, we used three data collection instruments: the sociodemographic questionnaire, the semi-directive interview guide, and the free association technique. A total of eleven immigrant women aged between 18 and 30 years participated in this study. They came from eight francophone countries in Africa and lived in Quebec for less than ten years. The results showed that rape was the main form of sexual violence for the participants. In addition to this, they enumerated other forms of violence more specific to their environment, such as female genital cutting and forced marriage. They mainly explained this violence by social factors. Thus, according to them, in African society, the victims are more blamed than the perpetrator, whether he is known or not. In addition to that, they considered as obstacles to their denunciation: the fear of breaking up the family, if the perpetrator is a close member or the husband, as well as the trivialization of certain forms of sexual violence. Regarding their perception of the psychological assistance, participants believed that it is reserved for «white» or «crazy people» and not very useful in African society. The assistance from the judicial system is presented as ineffective due to stereotypes about victims and subjectivity in the work of the police officers. We discussed all the study results with both our literature review and analysis framework. We also suggested recommendations for both research and social work intervention.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 29 March 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/68635
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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