Développement social de l'enfant autiste par le chant choral : trois études de cas

Authors: Bédard-Bruyère, Flavie
Advisor: Bolduc, Jonathan; Després, Jean-Philippe
Abstract: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 1% of the world's population. The manifestations of this disorder particularly affect the social and language spheres. Several intervention methods have been developed to alleviate the challenges encountered by these individuals. Artistic methods, such as music, have also been considered. Various interventions and musical programs have been presented to autistic populations in order to observe their effects on their social development. However, among these interventions, a group singing activity was little exploited. The objective of this dissertation was to understand how an extracurricular choral activity can contribute to the development of social skills in children with autism. The methodology of the qualitative case study was favoured in order to answer this question. Three children with ASD aged 6 to 12 years were recruited. These children participated in an extracurricular choir activity at their special school. Observations were made during choir sessions in the winter of 2020. However, the global Covid-19 pandemic has forced the closure of schools. Therefore, only four observation sessions were conducted. According to the analysis of the results, the choir seems to be a context where children can satisfy their social curiosity. It is also a place where stereotypical behaviours are expressed to a lesser extent and where children can become familiar with changes in a safe context. Research avenues are also formulated at the end of this paper.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 29 March 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/68631
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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