Comportement dynamique des ponts routiers à platelage d’aluminium extrudé compte tenu de la rugosité de la surface

Authors: Ben Afia, Achraf
Advisor: Annan, Charles-Darwin; Dey, Pampa
Abstract: Aluminum is a highly durable material with excellent corrosion resistance that could be an excellent choice either for construction of new bridges or for rehabilitation and replacement of deteriorated bridge decks. Extruded aluminum deck-on-steel girder bridges offer promising solution to the aging bridge infrastructure problem. Aluminum as a structural material is also known for its lightweight, which facilitates transportation and installation, and reduces foundation requirements. However, this characteristic makes it sensitive to excitations from vehicular traffic. The dynamic design of highway bridges by the Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (CSA S6-19) is based on the concept of equivalent dynamic amplification factors (DAF). However, these factors were derived largely for bridges made with traditional materials such as concrete, wood and steel. It is prudent to evaluate whether these factors are applicable to lightweight bridges made with extruded aluminum decks. In addition, since road roughness plays an important role in the dynamic behavior of a bridge, it is important to consider the influence of roughness on the bridge vibration response. The objective of this research is to investigate the dynamic behavior of aluminum deck-on-steel girder bridges under vehicular loads considering the effect of road roughness, and consequently evaluate the applicability of the current design DAFs for such structures. For this purpose, numerical models were developed in Abaqus for a selected bridge configuration and loading parameters. The effect of road roughness on dynamic response is also investigated by generating the power spectral density (PSD) algorithm according to ISO 8608. Results showed that the DAF strongly depend on both the vehicle-bridge frequency ratio and the road roughness. As the vehicle-to-bridge frequency ratio increases, the DAF rises significantly. With a vehicle-to-bridge frequency ratio approaching 0.5, the calculated DAF exceeds the DAF value recommended by the Canadian code. It is noted that results of this study are limited to the bridge configurations considered in the study, and extensive parametric study is required to draw a general conclusion about the applicability of the current DAF values for lightweight extruded aluminum bridges.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 22 March 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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