La cognition et le fonctionnement socioprofessionnel chez les individus présentant un premier épisode psychotique : une méta-analyse et revue critique

Authors: Turcotte, Mélissa
Advisor: Cellard, Caroline; Corbière, Marc
Abstract: Schizophrenia is considered as one of the most debilitating mental illness and is associated with major indirect social costs, such as productivity lost. The first episode of psychosis, which usually occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, may hamper the achievement of professional goals. Among the determinants associated with vocational functioning in first-episode psychosis, cognition seems to play a key role. Indeed, results of several studies suggest that cognitive deficits are significantly associated with returning to school or to work in first-episode psychosis. A meta-analysis was conducted in order to determine the magnitude of the associations between cognition and vocational functioning in first episode psychosis. Screening of identified references led to the inclusion of four articles (N = 729). Small to moderate association was found between global cognition and global vocational functioning (Zr = 0.21). The descriptive analysis showed that global neurocognition, verbal learning and attributional style were associated with vocational functioning. The descriptive analysis also revealed associations between positive and negative symptoms, social functioning, motivation as well as social amotivation and vocational functioning. Research and clinical guidelines will be discussed with regards to the concept of vocational functioning, key instruments and methodological caveats. A model of the components of vocational functioning will be discussed in order to better appreciate the multidimensional and complex nature of this concept. Finally, a discussion about the extension of relevant model is carried out in order to better consider cognition and first episode psychosis in interventions promoting vocational recovery.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 22 March 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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