Les liens entre l'attachement aux parents à la fin de l'adolescence et les relations amoureuses et conjugales à l'âge adulte

Authors: Langlois, Émilie
Advisor: Tarabulsy, George M.; Larose, Simon
Abstract: Three meta-analyses were conducted to synthesize results of previous research on the association between adult attachment with parents and the quality of romantic relationships in adulthood. These meta-analyzes address the link between attachment security and three components of romantic relationships, namely the quality of interactions, attachment to the partner and dyadic satisfaction. Results indicate a moderate association between adult attachment and each of these components of romantic relationships. A longitudinal study was subsequently conducted to address specific questions raised by these meta-analyses. The link between attachment and romantic relationships in adulthood was examined in a longitudinal study, starting in adolescence and continuing until participants were 41-years-old (mean). Seventy-five individuals participated at three different time points. The first participation took place in 1992 or 1996 (time 1), the second in 2007 (time 2), and the third in 2019 (time 3). Measures on the quality of their relationships, and the stability of their relationships were obtained at times 2 and 3, where as attachment data (Adult Attachment Interview; AAI) was collected at time 1, when participants were late adolescents or early adults. A double mediation model shows that adolescents who are more preoccupied with attachment are less intimate and less involved in their romantic relationships at the age of 28; that a low level of perceived intimacy and engagement at the age of 28 is associated with low level of stabilityin romantic relationships in the early 40s; that a shorter relationship in the early 40s is associated with a weaker commitment to the partner. The results of these studies suggest that attachment organization in late adolescents and young adults may have a bearing on the mechanisms involved in the dynamics of romantic relationships during adulthood.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 22 March 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/68546
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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