L’image de Rome dans le journal de voyage de Benjamin Pâquet et les collections du Séminaire de Québec entre 1860 et 1900 : définir une culture visuelle par la représentation.
|Abstract:||Throughout its history, Séminaire de Québec acquired works of art by way of purchases, donations, and legacies from the personal collections of priests who are members of the religious community of the institution. Whether these were objects of personal consultation, study collections for Université Laval — founded by the Séminaire in 1852 — or decorative artifacts in common spaces, some images stand out for the subject they represent and call for a reflection on the values that they can constitute within the institution.The strong representatives of Rome in the collection of prints imposes a questioning on the multiplication of objects on the same subject. This observation is also contemporary to the increase of the long-stay of priests in the Eternal City during the second half of the 19th century. Their travel reports allow them to state their perceptions of Rome, its monuments, its museums, its churches, its religiosity and its customs. From these stories, themselves generators of mental images, stands out the travel diary of the Archbishop of Quebec, Mgr. Joseph-Octave Plessis. Written in 1819-1820, this document allows to formulate hypotheses on the preparation of the journey of priests in Rome in the 19th century. Equally relevant, the travel diary of Abbot Benjamin Pâquet, written between 1863 and 1866 during his doctoral studies in theology at the Roman College, is a source from which concrete facts guide the definition of the visuality of Rome, understood as a urban ensemble and as an ideal and mythical place. From the descriptions of the sensory experiences that traveling priests make of places and objects, the physical images representing Rome kept at the Séminaire and at the Université acquire value and meaning. Concordance of objects and comments generates a corpus representative of a visualization of Rome and the Vatican at the Séminaire and at the Université during the targeted period. As such, graphic works of Roman monuments by Giuseppe Vasi or Giovanni Battista Piranesi, portraits of prelates of the Roman curia and of the Pope by the painter Vincenzo Pasqualoni, and albums of prints or souvenir photographs, create a set of references for the institution whose visual and cultural significance is based on facts and on a phenomenology of the sensitive experience. The fostering of diplomatic relations between the Holy See and the members of the Séminaire is a constancy that emerges from the analysis of textual sources. Around the same time of Abbot Pâquet’s journey, the Pope continued to apply strategies to consolidate his moral and symbolic authority, while his temporal authority was weakened by political upheavals in Italy. These strategies were characterized, among other things, by dogmatic decrees, the funding of archaeological sites, the restoration of monuments, artistic commissions, and reissues of prints in Rome, which influenced the development of the library and of the collections of Séminaire de Québec. To analyze these modes of correspondence which are both physical (objects), symbolic (images), spiritual and political, we have used the rules of the “common domestic world” defined by Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot (1991) which are characterized by respect and recognition of authority and filiation. These make possible to understand the functioning of a life in common within a micro-society, like at the Séminaire; rules also influence its system of values. An intellectual link with the ideological, humanist and artistic values promoted by the Holy See explains the forms that the presence of the Pope and famous Vatican works can take in the imagination of the priests of the Séminaire. The visual culture of Rome and the Vatican, in the collections of the institution, is thus defined by the presence of a papal authority, guardian of the classical humanities, which is embodied through actions and aesthetics valuing Christianized ancient Roman heritage, historicism, purism and Raphael ism.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||22 March 2021|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
All documents in CorpusUL are protected by Copyright Act of Canada.