La fausse couche aux services d'urgence : élaboration d'un programme d'intervention basé sur l'expérience des parents et des infirmières

Authors: Emond, Tina
Advisor: Guillaumie, Laurence; Montigny, Francine de
Abstract: The ultimate goal of this thesis is to improve emergency department care practices during miscarriage to facilitate the transition experienced by parents. This work is carried out in two steps: the aim of the first step is to understand how parents experienced miscarriage at the emergency department and the second step consists of developing an intervention program to optimize care practices in the emergency department. A participatory research approach was adopted with two main conceptual frameworks including Meleis’ Transitions Theory (Meleis et al., 2000; Meleis, 2020) to conceptualize miscarriage experience as well as the W. K. Kellogg Foundation theory logic model to structure the development of the intervention program. During the first step, a descriptive and exploratory qualitative study was carried out with 26 participants (17 parents, 7 emergency department nurses and 2 emergency department nurse managers) to help understand parents’ experiences at the emergency department. Three categories of needs were identified: physical health, cognitive and emotional. For instance, parents expressed a need to receive more information during their visit to the emergency department (i.e. a cognitive need) as well as a desire for professionals to address their emotional concerns. Nurses were aware of the emotional impact of miscarriage but reported various organizational constraints that hindered optimal care practices, such as excessive workload and absence of tools or guidelines for direct care practices. In the second step of the research, a community-based participatory approach using a theory logic model was adopted with the goal of planning an intervention program aimed at improving care practices in the emergency department. It included two planning groups: parents who had visited the ED for a miscarriage (N = 9) and health professionals (N = 8). The information gathered in the first step of the study combined with theoretical, scientific and experiential data, served as the basis for the planning groups to develop the components of the logic model so that it optimized the effectiveness of the program. The six components of the theory logic model that have been developed are: a) problem description; b) needs and assets assessment and identification; c) expected results; d) influencing factors; e)intervention strategies; and f) assumptions related to change strategies. The main strength of this thesis lies in the rigorous process of intervention development based on the experience of parents and health professionals. Detailed description of the intervention should facilitate its implementation, evaluation, and replication for other care issues.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 22 March 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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