Rôle du sens communautaire dans l'acceptation de la violence selon le positionnement politique

Authors: Angele, Rebecca
Advisor: Richard, Marie-Claude
Abstract: The online activities of extremist groups have increased globally. Furthermore, literature has established a complex relationship between extremism and violence. Sense of community is a concept defined as members’ feeling of belonging to the same group. Because members of a community generally benefit from their sense of community, multiple countries base their violent extremism prevention programs on this concept. However, studies have highlighted risks associated with a strong sense of community within violent groups. Moreover, young adults are the most vulnerable to adhere to any type of extremism. The present study aims to understand the sense of community function within political extremism and violence acceptance relationship. Participants ranging from 18 to 30 years old (N = 161) are asked to complete an online survey collecting quantitative and qualitative data. Extremism, sense of community, and the degree of acceptance of violence for political means are measured. Participants’ perceptions and understanding of extremism are measured through open questions. Results showed that individuals leaning towards the ends of the political spectrum (left- to right-wing) are more willing to accept the use of violence for political means. Sense of community act as a protective factor against extremism in this sample.The concept of violence is heavily included in participant’s definitions and perceptions of extremism.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 1 March 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/68353
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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