Comment les exercices fonctionnent? : effet des exercices sur la modulation de la douleur chez différents sous-groupes d'individus présentant une lombalgie chronique

Authors: Mailloux, Catherine
Advisor: Massé-Alarie, Hugo
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Research in chronic low back pain (CLBP) shows modest effect of available treatments. In order to achieve better treatment results and reduce heterogeneity of CLBP population, mechanism-based stratified care has been proposed: a nociceptive pain results essentially from the activation of nociceptors where as a nociplastic pain is characterized by an altered nociception. Exercises induce a reduction in pain sensitivity, known as the paradigm of exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). Considering that EIH involved multiple central mechanisms and that these same mechanisms seems to function differently in subgroups of CLBP (nociceptive vs. nociplastic), individuals with CLBP presenting predominant nociplastic and nociceptive pains may respond differently to exercise. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of exercises on the modulation of pain sensitivity in different subgroups of individuals presenting CLBP. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with CLBP and 24 healthy controls (HC) were recruited. Three physiotherapists proceeded to mechanism-based stratification of CLBP participants from clinical evaluation. Each participant performed isometric exercises of the wrist and the back. Pressure pain thresholds were assessed locally at the back and remotely pre/post-exercise and the percentage of change was calculated as the EIH magnitude. RESULTS: Sixteen participants were allocated to the nociceptive CLBP subgroup and 12 were classified as mixed pain (nociceptive/nociplastic) in the absence of consensus amongst physiotherapists. A significant reduction of EIH was observed in the mixed subgroup when compared to HC. No EIH difference was detected between the two CLBP subgroups. CONCLUSION: The significant reduction of EIH in the mixed CLBP subgroup suggests an altered pain modulation process in response to exercise in this subgroup.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 1 March 2021
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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