High dose versus low dose standardised cranberry proanthocyanidin extract for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in healthy women : a double-blind randomized controlled trial

Authors: Babar, Asma
Advisor: Dodin, SylvieMoore, Lynne
Abstract: Background: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are amongst the most common bacterial infections affecting women. Although antibiotics are the treatment of choice for prevention of UTI, cranberry-derived products are often used by women to prevent UTIs, with limited evidence as to their efficacy. Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a cranberry extract capsule standardized in A-type linkage proanthocyanidins (PACs) for the prevention of recurrent UTI. Methods: 145 women aged 18 years or more with a history of recurrent UTI, defined as ≥ 2 UTIs in the past 6 months or ≥ 3 UTIs in the past 12 months were recruited in this randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Seventy-three women received an optimal dose of cranberry extract standardized in PACs (2 x 18.5 mg PACs daily) and 72 women received a control dose (2 x 1 mg PACs daily). The primary outcome for the trial was the mean number of new symptomatic UTIs in women during a 6-month intervention period. Secondary outcomes were: 1) To evaluate the mean number of new symptomatic UTIs with pyuria and with microbiological confirmation; 2) To describe the side effects of daily intake of cranberry extract. Results: No significant difference in the risk of UTI during the 24-week follow-up period was found between treatment groups (incidence rate ratio 0.75, 95%CI 0.51-1.11, age-adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.85, 95%CI 0.57-1.26). In women who experienced less than 5 UTIs in the year preceding enrolment, the daily consumption of 2x18.5 mg PACs was associated with a decrease in the risk of symptomatic UTIs reported compared to the control dose (age-adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.33-0.99). No major side effects were reported. Conclusion: High dose twice daily proanthocyanidin extract was not associated with a reduction in the number of symptomatic urinary tract infections when compared to a low dose proanthocyanidin extract. Our post-hoc results reveal that this high dose of proanthocyanidins may have a preventive impact on symptomatic urinary tract infection recurrence in women who experienced less than 5 infections per year.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2021
Open Access Date: 1 March 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/68347
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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