Incidence, worsening and risk factors of daytime sleepiness in a population-based 5-year longitudinal study

Authors: Morin, Charles M.Ivers, Hans
Abstract: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is highly prevalent in the general population; however little is known about its evolution and predictors. Our objectives were to document its natural history, provide estimates of its prevalence, incidence and persistence rates, and to identify predictors of increased daytime sleepiness (DS) in a longitudinal community study of 2157 adults over 5 years. Participants completed postal assessment at baseline and at each yearly follow-up. DS was evaluated by the Epworth Sleepiness scale (ESS). At baseline, 33% reported EDS (ESS > 10) with 33% of them reported persistent EDS. Of those without EDS at baseline, 28% developed incident EDS (15% were persistent) and 31% increased DS (augmentation ≥4-points between two consecutive evaluations). Younger age and depression were independent predictors of incident EDS and DS increase while lower coffee consumption, smoking, insomnia, tiredness and chronic pain were associated with incident EDS, and living alone with DS increase only. Persistent vs transient EDS or DS showed association with poor general health including metabolic diseases. Thus, sleepiness fluctuated over time and it was predicted by common lifestyle and psychological factors potentially modifiable. However, persistent sleepiness was associated with chronic medical diseases thus highlighting a homogeneous group at risk requiring a dedicated management.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 2 May 2017
Open Access Date: 19 February 2021
Document version: VoR
Creative Commons Licence: Attribution CC BY
This document was published in: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7 (1372) (2017)
Nature Publishing Group
Alternative version: 10.1038/s41598-017-01547-0
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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