Étude de la diversité génomique de la levure d'intérêt fromager, Geotrichum candidum
|Advisor:||Labrie, Steve; Frenette, Michel|
|Abstract:||The yeast Geotrichum candidum is used in several specialty cheeses varieties, such as mold and smear-ripened cheeses, and plays several roles during cheese ripening. Its ability to metabolize proteins, lipids and organic acids enables its growth on the cheese surface and participate to the development of organoleptic properties. By alkalinizing the surface duringi ts growth, it also establishes suitable conditions for the growth of other ripening microorganisms. Yet, several technological abilities of G. candidum are strains dependent. However, little information is available related to the genetic characteristics that define the flavoring and functional properties of this yeast during the ripening of cheeses. A detailed understanding of G. candidum metabolic activities is a priority for both artisanal cheese makers and large industrial cheese factories in order to detect the most efficient strains for their product. The main objective of this study was to determine the genetic diversity within the G. candidum species by comparative genomic and to propose a rapid molecular method for the identification and characterization of the strains. Eight strains of G. candidum of dairy origin was sequenced. The genomes obtained had an average of 24.5 Mb and 5,230 putative genes. The sequence homologies show that the strains divide into three distinct groups for which each contains unique genes. On the basis of the genomic sequences, a MLST method was optimized and validated for 41 G. candidum strains. This method reproduces the results obtained for the genomic analysis and allows a rapid identification of the strains and their grouping.The results generated in this project will improve our understanding of the physiology and the utility of the G. candidum strains during the ripening of cheese to ultimately be able to better control it.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||15 February 2021|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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