El invierno chileno et le printemps érable : coalitions contestataires, cadrages et politiques publiques (2011-2012)

Authors: Vielmas, Sebastián
Advisor: Lamoureux, Diane
Abstract: The 2012 Quebec Maple Spring (printemps érable, in French) and the 2011 Chilean Winter (Invierno chileno, in Spanish) began as 'simple' demonstrations of students contesting tuition-fee increases and lack of accessibility to higher education. After weeks of mobilization, they became broad social movement coalitions that criticized the commodification of social rights and a restricted democracy, while proposing alternatives. Based on a dialogue between these two cases, this research illustrates how, despite marked differences between Chilean and Quebec societies, the movements nevertheless shared similarities in their collective action tactics and strategies. In both cases, the explosion of these movements was not happenstance: student organizations learnt from prior experiences and prepared the ground to make visible their movements in the public sphere by forging links with the trade unions and civil society organizations. The careful communications strategies and framing developed by student organizations successfully linked various social actors to the mobilization. Finally, government contempt and police repression faced by the movements proved to strengthen their resolve and their plight in public opinion. These broad social movement coalitions have sparked public debate in Chile and Quebec about the right to education, social rights and the very notion of democracy. There have been short-term impacts on public education policies and long-term impacts on the political spectrum with the emergence and consolidation of new generational political projects. Keywords: Student movement; Maple Spring; Chilean Winter; Quebec; Chile; Social movement coalitions.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 3 February 2021
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/67935
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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