Carbonic anhydrase XII in valve interstitial cells promotes the regression of calcific aortic valve stenosis.

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dc.contributor.authorBouchareb, Rihab-
dc.contributor.authorCôté, Nancy-
dc.contributor.authorBoulanger, Marie-Chloé-
dc.contributor.authorLe Quang, Khai-
dc.contributor.authorEl Husseini, Diala-
dc.contributor.authorAsselin, jérémie-
dc.contributor.authorHadji, Fayez-
dc.contributor.authorLachance, Dominic-
dc.contributor.authorShayhidin, Elnur Elyar-
dc.contributor.authorMahmut, Ablajan-
dc.contributor.authorPibarot, Philippe-
dc.contributor.authorBossé, Yohan-
dc.contributor.authorMessaddeq, Younès-
dc.contributor.authorBoudreau, Denis-
dc.contributor.authorMarette, André-
dc.contributor.authorMathieu, Patrick-
dc.description.abstractAims: Calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS) is the most common heart valve disease. In the present work we sought to determine the reversibility of mineralization in the aortic valve. Methods and results: By using in vitro analyses we found that valve interstitial cells (VICs) have the ability to resorb minerals. We documented that agonist of P2Y2 receptor (P2Y2R) promoted the expression of carbonic anhydrase XII (CAXII) at the cell membrane of VICs, whereby minerals are resorbed. P2Y2R-mediated mineral resorption was corroborated by using mouse VICs isolated from wild type and P2Y2R-/- mice. Measurements of extracellular pH (pHe) by using core–shell nanosensors revealed that P2Y2R-mediated CAXII export to the cell membrane led to an acidification of extracellular space, whereby minerals are resorbed. In vivo, we next treated LDLR-/-/ApoB100/100/IGF2 mice, which had developed CAVS under a high-fat/high-sucrose diet for 8 months, with 2-thioUTP (a P2Y2R agonist) or saline for the next 2 months. The administration of 2-thioUTP (2 mg/kg/day i.p.) reduced the mineral volume in the aortic valve measured with serial microCT analyses, which improved hemodynamics and reduced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Examination of leaflets at necropsy confirmed a lower level of mineralization and fibrosis along with higher levels of CAXII in mice under 2-thioUTP. In another series of experiment, the administration of acetazolamide (a CA inhibitor) prevented the acidification of leaflets and the regression of CAVS induced by 2-thioUTP in LDLR-/-/ApoB100/100/IGF2 mice. Conclusion: P2Y2R-mediated expression of CAXII by VICs acidifies the extracellular space and promotes the regression of CAVS.fr_CA
dc.publisherAcademic Press Inc, Ltd.fr_CA
dc.subjectCalcific aortic valve diseasefr_CA
dc.subjectCalcific aortic stenosisfr_CA
dc.subjectCarbonic anhydrase XIIfr_CA
dc.subjectP2Y2 receptorfr_CA
dc.subjectMineral resorptionfr_CA
dc.subjectMineral regressionfr_CA
dc.titleCarbonic anhydrase XII in valve interstitial cells promotes the regression of calcific aortic valve stenosis.fr_CA
dc.typeCOAR1_1::Texte::Périodique::Revue::Contribution à un journal::Article::Article de recherche-
dcterms.bibliographicCitationJournal of molecular and cellular cardiology, Vol. 82, 104-115 (2015)fr_CA
dc.audienceProfesseurs (Enseignement supérieur)fr_CA
dc.subject.rvmAnhydrase carboniquefr_CA
dc.subject.rvmAorte -- Rétrécissementfr_CA
dc.subject.rvmValvule semi-lunaire de l'ostium aortique -- Calcificationfr_CA
dc.subject.rvmRécepteurs purinergiquesfr_CA
rioxxterms.versionVersion of Recordfr_CA
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