Estimation of pulmonary arterial pressure by a neural network analysis using features based on time-frequency representations of the second heart sound.

Authors: Tranulis, Constantin; Durand, Louis-Gilles; Pibarot, Philippe
Abstract: The objective of the study was to develop a non-invasive method for the estimation of pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) using a neural network (NN) and features extracted from the second heart sound (S2). To obtain the information required to train and test the NN, an animal model of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) was developed, and nine pigs were investigated. During the experiments, the electrocardiogram, phonocardiogram and PAP were recorded. Subsequently, between 15 and 50 S2 heart sounds were isolated for each PAP stage and for each animal studied. A Coiflet wavelet decomposition and a pseudo smoothed Wigner-Ville distribution were used to extract features from the S2 sounds and train a one-hidden-layer NN using two-thirds of the data. The NN performance was tested on the remaining one-third of the data. NN estimates of the systolic and mean PAPs were obtained for each S2 and then ensemble averaged over the 15–50 S2 sounds selected for each PAP stage. The standard errors between the mean and systolic PAPs estimated by the NN and those measured with a catheter were 6.0 mmHg and 8.4 mmHg, respectively, and the correlation coefficients were 0.89 and 0.86, respectively. The classification accuracy, using 23 mmHg mean PAP and 30 mmHg systolic PAP thresholds between normal PAP and PHT, was 97% and 91% respectively.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 March 2002
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, Vol. 40 (2), 205–212 (2002)
P. Peregrinus
Alternative version: 10.1007/BF02348126
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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