Impact of systemic hypertension on the assessment of aortic stenosis

Authors: Kadem, LyesDumesnil, Jean G.; Rieu, Régis; Durand, Louis-Gilles; Garcia, Damien; Pibarot, Philippe
Abstract: Objective: To determine the effect of systemic arterial hypertension on the indices of aortic stenosis (AS) severity. Methods: A severe supravalvar AS was created in 24 pigs. The maximum and mean pressure gradients across the stenosis were measured by Doppler echocardiography and by catheterisation. Both echocardiography and catheter data were used to calculate stenosis effective orifice area, energy loss coefficient, and peak systolic left ventricular wall stress. Measurements were taken both at normal aortic pressures and during hypertension induced by banding of the distal thoracic aorta in 14 pigs and by intravenous administration of phenylephrine in 10 pigs. Results: During hypertension, systemic arterial resistance downstream from the stenosis increased greatly (all animals: 71 (40)%), whereas total systemic arterial compliance decreased significantly (238 (21)%). Hypertension resulted in a moderate increase in effective orifice area (29 (14)%) and energy loss coefficient (25 (17)%) and substantial decreases in catheter gradients (maximum: 240 (20)%; mean: 243 (20)%; peak to peak: 270 (23)%) and Doppler gradients (maximum: 235 (17)%; mean: 237 (16)%). In multivariate analysis, peak to peak gradient was significantly (p , 0.001) related to the energy loss coefficient, mean flow rate, and arterial compliance, whereas maximum and mean catheter gradients were related only to the energy loss coefficient and flow rate. Of major importance, maximum systolic left ventricular wall stress increased greatly during hypertension (43 (23)%). Conclusions: The severity of AS may be partially masked by the presence of coexisting hypertension. The markers of AS severity should thus be interpreted with caution in hypertensive patients and be re-evaluated when the patient is in a normotensive state.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 1 March 2005
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Heart, Vol. 91 (3), 354-361 (2005)
British Cardiac Society
Alternative version: 10.1136/hrt.2003.030601
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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