Impact of valve prosthesis-patient mismatch on short-term mortality after aortic valve replacement

Authors: Blais, ClaudiaDumesnil, Jean G.Baillot, RichardSimard, SergeDoyle, DanielPibarot, Philippe
Abstract: Background— The prosthesis used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) can be too small in relation to body size, thus causing valve prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and abnormally high transvalvular pressure gradients. This study examined if there is a relation between PPM and short-term mortality after operation. Methods and Results— The indexed valve effective orifice area (EOA) was estimated for each type and size of prosthesis being implanted in 1266 consecutive patients and used to define PPM as not clinically significant if 0.85 cm2/m2, as moderate if 0.65 cm2/m2 and 0.85 cm2/m2, and as severe if 0.65 cm2/m2; it was correlated with 30-day mortality and compared with other relevant variables. Moderate or severe PPM was present in 38% of patients. Thirty-day mortality was 4.6% (58/1266 patients) and the strongest independent predictors in multivariate analysis were left ventricular ejection fraction 40% (P 0.007), infectious endocarditis (P 0.002), emergent/salvage operation (P 0.002), cardiopulmonary bypass time 120 minutes (P 0.001), and PPM (P 0.003). Relative risk of mortality was increased 2.1-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 3.7) in patients with moderate PPM and 11.4-fold (4.4 to 29.5) in those with severe PPM. Moreover, risk of mortality for every category of PPM was higher in patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction 40% as compared with 40% (nonsignificant PPM, 2.7 versus 1.0; moderate PPM, 7.1 versus 1.8; severe PPM, 77.1 versus 11.3). Conclusion— PPM is a strong and independent predictor of short-term mortality among patients undergoing AVR, and its impact is related both to its degree of severity and the status of left ventricular function. In contrast to other risk factors, moderate-severe PPM can be largely avoided with the use of a prospective strategy at the time of operation.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 26 August 2003
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Circulation, Vol. 108 (8), 983-988 (2003)
American Heart Association
Alternative version: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000085167.67105.32
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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