Flow-dependent changes in doppler-derived aortic valve effective orifice area are real and not due to artifact

Authors: Kadem, Lyes; Rieu, Régis; Dumesnil, Jean G.; Durand, Louis-Gilles; Pibarot, Philippe
Abstract: Objectives : We sought to determine whether the flow-dependent changes in Doppler-derived valve effective orifice area (EOA) are real or due to artifact. Background : It has frequently been reported that the EOA may vary with transvalvular flow in patients with aortic stenosis. However, the explanation of the flow dependence of EOA remains controversial and some studies have suggested that the EOA estimated by Doppler-echocardiography (EOADop) may underestimate the actual EOA at low flow rates. Methods : One bioprosthetic valve and three rigid orifices were tested in a mock flow circulation model over a wide range of flow rates. The EOADop was compared with reference values obtained using particle image velocimetry (EOAPIV). Results : There was excellent agreement between EOADop and EOAPIV (r2 = 0.94). For rigid orifices of 0.5 and 1.0 cm2, no significant change in the EOA was observed with increasing flow rate. However, substantial increases of both EOADop and EOAPIV were observed when stroke volume increased from 20 to 70 ml both in the 1.5 cm2 rigid orifice (+52% for EOADop and +54% for EOAPIV) and the bioprosthetic valve (+62% for EOADop and +63% for EOAPIV); such changes are explained either by the presence of unsteady effects at low flow rates and/or by an increase in valve leaflet opening. Conclusions : The flow-dependent changes in EOADop are not artifacts but represent real changes in EOA attributable either to unsteady effects at low flow rates and/or to changes in valve leaflet opening. Such changes in EOADop can be relied on for clinical judgment making.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 9 December 2005
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/4688
This document was published in: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 47 (1), 131–137 (2006)
American College of Cardiology
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.jacc.2005.05.100
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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