Les mécanismes moléculaires du Facteur Trefoil 2 dans le métabolisme énergétique et le développement de l'obésité

Authors: Mucunguzi, Octave
Advisor: St-Amand, Jonny
Abstract: Obesity is a multifactorial disease. Food intake, lifestyle and genetics are the three factors that contribute to its development. Tff2 is a small gut peptide playing protective and maintenance functions. Trefoil factor 2 knockout mice (Tff2KO) are viable, fertile and protected from high fat induced obesity (HIO) and their feeding behaviors are different from those of wild type (WT) ones. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the molecular mechanisms by which Tff2 contributes to the development of obesity. To do this, the principal transcriptional regulators for high fat and low fat responsive genes were identified in the small intestine; then Tff2 KO and WT mice were fed ad libitum with high-fat diet (HF) and low-fat diet (LF), their development has been supervised. Thereafter, energy metabolizing organs such as liver, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle have been harvested in order to measure the expression of genes and proteins involved in energy metabolism. Proteins and genes such as CD36/Cd36, NUR77/Nur77, and GLUT4/Glut4 were more expressed in Tff2KO mice than in WT mice, whereas no significant differences were observed in mitochondrial proteins. Our results showed a part of molecular and metabolic pathways that connect Tff2 and energy metabolizing proteins, we hope that Tff2 will be studied in human tissues to emphasize its role in the development of obesity and use it as a new therapeutic target for the treatment of obesity.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 27 August 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/40220
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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