Lumière sur le transfert d’énergie résonant entre métal et fluorophores : à la recherche des photons perdus

Authors: Ouellet, Samuel
Advisor: Boudreau, Denis; Plain, Jérôme
Abstract: Nano-optics is a gateway for new technologies that helps developing new detection methods. The advantage of using this type of technology comes from the nanometric scale where the properties of materials are different from that of the macroscopic state. For instance, when a metallic nanoparticle is excited by photons, there is a harmonic oscillation of the electron cloud of the surface’s electrons thus forming a plasmon. This oscillator can interact with its surrounding medium. As it is when a dye molecule is placed in the vicinity of the plasmon, there’s a coupling between the dipoles of the two entities allowing energy transfers. In some case, the particle can redistribute this energy through different channels of de-excitation leading to radiative and non-radiative path. In this project, the nanoparticles synthesized have a silica core with a gold shell topped with a silica layer. To study the plasmon’s de-excitation paths in the gold nanoshell, we have doped the silica core and shell with two kinds of fluorescent molecules. The interaction between the fluorophores and the plasmon can be seen by the modification of the spectroscopic properties of the dyes such as the emission rate and the fluorescence lifetime. By studying these according to their location within the structure, we will be able to describe the plasmon’s attributes of the chemically synthesized particles.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 7 July 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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