Extreme viral partitioning in a marine-derived high arctic lake

Authors: Labbé, Myriam; Girard, Catherine; Vincent, Warwick F.Culley, Alexander
Abstract: High-latitude, perennially stratified (meromictic) lakes are likely to be especially vulnerable to climate warming because of the importance of ice in maintaining their water column structure and associated distribution of microbial communities. This study aimed to characterize viral abundance, diversity, and distribution in a meromictic lake of marine origin on the far northern coast of Ellesmere Island, in the Canadian High Arctic. We collected triplicate samples for double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) viromics from five depths that encompassed the major features of the lake, as determined by limnological profiling of the water column. Viral abundance and virus-to-prokaryote ratios were highest at greater depths, while bacterial and cyanobacterial counts were greatest in the surface waters. The viral communities from each zone of the lake defined by salinity, temperature, and dissolved oxygen concentrations were markedly distinct, suggesting that there was little exchange of viral types among lake strata. Ten viral assembled genomes were obtained from our libraries, and these also segregated with depth. This well-defined structure of viral communities was consistent with that of potential hosts. Viruses from the monimolimnion, a deep layer of ancient Arctic Ocean seawater, were more diverse and relatively abundant, with few similarities to available viral sequences. The Lake A viral communities also differed from published records from the Arctic Ocean and meromictic Ace Lake in Antarctica. This first characterization of viral diversity from this sentinel environment underscores the microbial richness and complexity of an ecosystem type that is increasingly exposed to major perturbations in the fast-changing Arctic.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 13 May 2020
Open Access Date: 1 June 2020
Document version: VoR
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/39428
This document was published in: mSphere, Vol. 5 (3) (2020)
https://doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00334-20
American Society for Microbiology
Alternative version: 10.1128/mSphere.00334-20
PMC7227771
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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