L'apport des stratégies dans l'apprentissage du solfège chez les étudiants en musique de niveau collégial

Authors: Fournier, Guillaume
Advisor: Durand, Claire; Moreno Sala, Maria Teresa; O'Neill, Susan A.
Abstract: This doctoral dissertation reflects the desire to sustain the implementation of explicit strategy instruction in sight-singing pedagogy. Over the last decades, educational research has shown many benefits of strategy instruction, but only a few studies have focused on sight-singing strategies. The have left several outstanding issues : 1) the one framework for strategic instruction that have been proposed relies chiefly on qualitative analysis and has not yet been validated empirically with a larger population; 2) no study has yet managed to fully investigate the strategic approaches of music students in the learning of sight-singing; 3) we know very little about the strategies employed by college music students in the context of sight-singing acquisition, the factors contributing to their use, and their relationships with sight-singing outcomes; 4) current literature does not allow to fully appreciate the contribution of music experiences in the aural skills competence. This doctoral dissertation addresses these issues. A total of 285 college-level music students were recruited from jazz and classic aural skills classes. Over two semesters, all participants were required to fill out three questionnaires intended to assess their music background and their use of sight-singing strategies. Answers they give were combined with school records data (academic and music achievement) to predict the sightsinging grades. Forty-one of these students also volunteered to attend 90-minute individual meeting where they were asked to perform a sight-singing test, to carry out a Q Sort strategy classification task, and to conduct a short interview. Data were analysed to characterise the strategic approaches used to learning sight-singing. Factor analysis revealed eleven components grouped in four major themes: reading mechanisms (pitch decoding, external support, common melodic patterns, music analysis), sight-singing (preparation, performance), personal practice (practice management, internalization, rehearsal techniques), and learning support (socio-affective, metacognition). Q Method analysis revealed three main strategic approaches: sight-singing as a technical skill, sight-singing as a means to foster musical understanding, and sight-singing as a tool to develop a musical ear. Post-hoc analyses indicated that these strategic approaches do not provide a valid typology of music students; rather, they represent underlying conceptions of sight-singing learning goals that are likely to evolve according to an individual’s musical training. Multiple regressions revealed that the influence of music experiences on aural skills were mostly mediated through music theory, notational knowledge, and absolute pitch. These music skills were more likely to be acquired in formal music learning settings, such as individual instrument lessons involving music notation and enriched collective music programs. Most aural skills differences found among instrumentalist groups were accounted by music background. However, better aural skills performance in pianists were not fully accounted by the background factors investigated. Bivariate analysis shown that strategy use is related to several individual characteristics: gender, academic achievement, absolute pitch, informal music experiences, collective music experiences, piano playing, knowledge in music theory, and notation knowledge. Multivariate analysis indicated that spontaneous strategy use offers a small but significant contribution to the overall prediction of sight-singing grades. Strategies relative to sight-singing performance were directly related to sight-singing grades while other strategies were mediating the relationships between individual characteristics and sight-singing grades.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 29 April 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/39089
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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