Characterization of two polyvalent phages infecting Enterobacteriaceae

Authors: Hamdi, Sana; Rousseau, Geneviève M.Labrie, SimonTremblay, Denise; Kourda, Rim Saïed; Ben Slama, Karim; Moineau, Sylvain
Abstract: Bacteriophages display remarkable genetic diversity and host specificity. In this study, we explore phages infecting bacterial strains of the Enterobacteriaceae family because of their ability to infect related but distinct hosts. We isolated and characterized two novel virulent phages, SH6 and SH7, using a strain of Shigella flexneri as host bacterium. Morphological and genomic analyses revealed that phage SH6 belongs to the T1virus genus of the Siphoviridae family. Conversely, phage SH7 was classified in the T4virus genus of the Myoviridae family. Phage SH6 had a short latent period of 16 min and a burst size of 103 ± 16 PFU/infected cell while the phage SH7 latent period was 23 min with a much lower burst size of 26 ± 5 PFU/infected cell. Moreover, phage SH6 was sensitive to acidic conditions (pH < 5) while phage SH7 was stable from pH 3 to 11 for 1 hour. Of the 35 bacterial strains tested, SH6 infected its S. flexneri host strain and 8 strains of E. coli. Phage SH7 lysed additionally strains of E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Paratyphi, and Shigella dysenteriae. The broader host ranges of these two phages as well as their microbiological properties suggest that they may be useful for controlling bacterial populations.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 16 January 2017
Open Access Date: 21 April 2020
Document version: VoR
This document was published in: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7 (1), 1-12 (2017)
Nature Publishing Group
Alternative version: 10.1038/srep40349
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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