Knowledge and understanding of pharmacogenomic testing among patients and health care professionals : a scoping review

Authors: Veilleux, SophieBouffard, Maud
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To support the introduction of pharmacogenomic tests in current practice, this study identifies the factors associated with a better understanding of the information related to genetic, genomic and/or pharmacogenomic tests by patients and health care professionals. METHODS: Following a scoping review methodology, a search for literature was conducted with keywords related to health literacy and knowledge translation in the context of pharmacogenomic tests. Since only 6 articles were identified, the context of genetic or genomic testing were added to the inclusion criteria, leading to 24 articles. RESULTS: Fourteen of the studies analyzed focused on genetic predictive, diagnostic or carrier tests, or concerned genetics in general, while ten addressed or included the use of pharmacogenomic tests. Demographic, individual, experiential and contextual factors were associated with a better understanding of the information related to genetic, genomic and/or pharmacogenomic tests among the targeted populations. RESEARCH IMPLICATIONS: Our review shows that there is currently little empirical research available to identify the factors to consider in order to develop educational tools and resources specific to pharmacogenomics. CONCLUSION: Expanding our review to include genetic and genomic testing factors can serve as a starting point for the evidence to be validated in future empirical research.
Document Type: Article de recherche
Issue Date: 15 June 2019
Open Access Date: Restricted access
Document version: P
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/38335
This document was published in: Patient education and counseling, Vol. 102 (11), 2001–2009 (2019)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2019.06.008
Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Alternative version: 10.1016/j.pec.2019.06.008
31229328
Collection:Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

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