Logiques sociales de la pratique de la mendicité par des « mères de jumeaux » dans la ville de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

Authors: Ouedraogo Sawadogo, Honorine
Advisor: Badini-Kinda, Fatoumata; Marcoux, Richard
Abstract: Burkina Faso is currently facing a complex situation in a degraded environment, and with the impoverishment of the rural environment. In addition, the political and economic crisis has plunged people into a more severe situation of precariousness and unprecedented social insecurity. Ouagadougou, given its assets as the country's capital, constitutes a "golden refuge" for many populations in search of better living conditions. However, Ouagadougou has very limited employment and housing opportunities, and the cost of living is gradually rising, requiring the urban poor to seek coping strategies for survival. Those who cannot find a stable job either work in small trades (craftsmen, street vendors, repairers, cart drivers, etc.) or are forced to exploit in an uncontrolled way the natural resources within their reach: cutting firewood, collecting sand, etc. Still others are involved in illegal activities such as delinquency, prostitution and begging. This thesis deals precisely with the practice of begging by "mothers of twins" in the city of Ouagadougou. It is based on a mapping of thirty-nine begging sites, a census of one hundred and ninety-eight "mothers of twins" in begging situations, individual interviews conducted with thirty-three "mothers of twins" in begging situations, three spouses of "mothers of twins" in begging situations and sixty-four other urban residents. The results reveal that faced with underemployment, some men in the city of Ouagadougou are no longer able to provide for their households. Many of them choose to migrate to gold panning sites or to neighbouring countries in the hope of finding work. The underemployment of men or their prolonged absence leads to an increased involvement of women in the search for the resources necessary for the survival of household members. In addition, the difficult work-informal balance, household chores and childcare for twin children makes it difficult for some "mothers of twins" to carry out commercial activities. In addition, the fragility of the social bond in an urban context makes economic precariousness more severe, because it is no longer supported in solidarity by the community but supported by the individual alone. In addition, the study reveals that the presentation of twins is a cultural fact for some socio-cultural groups who consider twins to be exceptional children. Perceived as divine beings, the twins were to be introduced to the community, which then gave them gifts and received their blessings in return. Inspired by this custom, and in a context of precariousness, women use these cultural provisions to survive.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 13 March 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/38300
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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