Patrimoine culturel immatériel et technologies numériques : représentations et usages

Authors: Becuywe, Isabelle
Advisor: Di Bella, Maria Pia; Turgeon, Laurier
Abstract: With the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO (2003), the concept of heritage was expanded to new objects, but above all a new distribution of roles was made among the actors, putting the practitioners individual and collective at the heart of the device. States that have ratified the convention have given themselves the obligation to carry out inventories by involving the communities in the designation of what, for them, constitutes intangible heritage, thus offering an opportunity for experimentation of forms and methods to achieve this goal. These inventories were largely based on digital technologies for their constitution and on the web for their dissemination. The social dynamics in which the notion of inventory is inscribed is based on an imaginary of digital techniques as a means of warding off cultural loss, and an ambiguous relationship is formed at the time of the natively digital inventory between immaterial and virtual. The study of the narative of the history of the web makes it possible to highlight a set of founding myths of the Internet which contribute to this ambiguity. Based on an observant participation in the Inventory of the Intangible Religious Heritage of Quebec (IPIR), which is based on the definitions of the UNESCO Convention, digital technologies, including the Internet, should be considered as tools that the communities (state, local communities, actors of the inventory) mobilize to be staged by intangible heritage. The example of the IPIR, with three missions (keep the memory, list the living practices, communicate them), compared to other existing online inventories illustrates the plasticity of the intangible cultural heritage inventory. The trajectories of inventorization emerge by questioning the social demand for an inventory of intangible cultural heritage in the context of de-Christianization of Quebec from the 1960s. Finally, the web-based dissemination of inventory data makes it possible to question the uses of techniques and forms of representation of the web as a means of cultural transmission. While the social dynamics in which an online inventory is based on an imaginary digital techniques as a means to avert cultural loss, the proliferation of tracks on the Internet comes to challenge the promise of universal accessibility that the web was wearing. origins.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 13 March 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/38295
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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