Rotomoulage d'élastomères thermoplastiques à base de polyéthylène de basse densité et de caoutochouc naturel recyclé

Authors: Shaker, Ramin
Advisor: Rodrigue, Denis
Abstract: This project focuses on the production and characterization of thermoplastic elastomers, based on a thermoplastic polymer (low density polyethylene, LDPE) and recycled natural rubber (NR), obtained from ground tire rubber (GTR). The samples were rotomolded by two blending techniques: melt blending by twin-screw extrusion, and dry blending using a high speed mixer to study the effect of shear and thermo-mechanical history on the physical and mechanical properties of the compounds. Also, two types of recycled natural rubber were used in this study. The first one is a recycled material, obtained from off-the-road (OTR) tires after size reduction. On other hand, the second one is the same material which underwent a regeneration process at industrial scale. In each case, three rubber concentrations (20, 35, 50 wt.%) were used to compare with the properties of the neat polymer. In addition, the effect of several parameters such as: heating time, oven temperature, speed ratio of the rotating arms, and particle size is studied to optimize the rotomolding process. Then, from the samples produced, morphological (optical and scanning electron microscopy), physical (density and hardness) and mechanical (tension, flexion and impact) characterizations were performed. Based on the results obtained, it was shown that increasing the rubber concentration led to lower rigidity and mechanical strength, but higher elasticity and ductility. Finally, although the melt blending method provides better properties than the dry blending one, the latter is interesting to limit the thermo-mechanical and oxidative degradation of the materials, as well as reducing the costs and manufacturing time.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 12 March 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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