Les impressions 3D au regard de la propriété littéraire et artistique : une "innovation de rupture" troublant la frontière entre la copie privée et la contrefaçon
|Abstract:||Additive manufacturing, more commonly known as 3D printing, is a "breakthrough innovation" because it disrupts current business models and sets in motion a third industrial revolution. From now on, almost everything is printable, regardless of the subject, the price and the field concerned. This technology with huge potential for innovation and production must strike a balance with intellectual property rights. Many doctrines have agreed that French intellectual property law has the necessary tools to apprehend these technologies and therefore that short-term legal interventions are not necessary. However, the purpose of this dissertation is to show that 3D printing does impact the law of literary and artistic. Indeed, this technique conducive to the manufacture of counterfeit undermines the exception of private copying and the art market. The conditions necessary to characterize the private copy exception are not suitable for 3D printing. This analysis results in situations where the boundaries between private copying and counterfeiting become porous to the detriment of individuals, but also creators who do not benefit from the fair compensation of the exception. Moreover, the use of 3D printing with limited techniques undermines the integrity and respect of works. While with a sophisticated technique allow a reproduction of almost identical works without any ways to identify the counterfeit from the original. From this last observation, arises the risks of introducing forgeries into the art market. The main problem of this development therefore lies in a better control of counterfeiting in order to counter it and restore the border between the private copying exception and counterfeiting. It is therefore necessary to anticipate the potential of this technology and prevent its negative effects by providing a more protective framework for the rights of authors, stakeholders in the process of creating a printed object and consumers without curbing its development. An interconnection of legal changes on the responsibility of the stakeholders and the exception of private copying, contractual interventions with the establishment of legal offer, the use of technical tools upstream and downstream of the process of creation of a three-dimensional object to control, identify and trace objects as well as stakeholder awareness will help set up a more protective and effective framework in the long term.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||11 March 2020|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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