Intégration des ressources documentaires numériques dans la planification de l'enseignement de la statistique par des futurs enseignants au secondaire

Authors: Nongni Siake, Gael
Advisor: DeBlois, Lucie
Abstract: In many countries, the textbook is both the student's book and the teaching guide. It is the main resource for planning educational tasks (Lepik et al., 2015, Bjarnadóttir, 2018). However, Belinga (2009) observes that the content of some Cameroonian textbooks does not take into account the social context. This is why teacher training in terms of context and content to be taught remains a major challenge in an education system (Balhan et al., 2019, Ben-Zvi and Makar, 2016, Djeumeni, 2015, Proulx and Bednarz, 2010). Thus, we invited secondary school pre-service teachers to explore a directory of digital resource materials to enrich the statistical content of the textbook. We sought to understand how they orchestrate information from documentary resources during anticipatory activities prior to planning. An articulation between several theoretical frameworks and concepts allowed to develop an approach that could contribute to study the anticipatory activities of the trainees. This framework derives from the documentary approach of didactics (Gueudet and Trouche, 2008) and epistemological stances (DeBlois and Squalli, 2002, Deblois, 2012). The didactic experimentation that we put in place during a six-month period involved three statistical contents to be taught in secondary school: the average, the standard deviation and the statistical diagrams. The results of this work provide an added value to the documentary approach of didactics through the study of the influence of the epistemological stances adopted by trainees during their anticipatory activities. Thus, it appears that the trainees choose their documents based on arrangement variables characterized by a tension between the stances of the former student and the teacher. Trainees' concerns about the choice of context for students seem to be influenced by their experiences as former students. This justifies the predominance of the context related to students' grades in all of the completed planning. The study of statistical content and interactions between trainees contributed to the emergence of the stance of the university student. Indeed, the trainees valued and mobilized the knowledge of training in statistics education and improved their understanding in the statistical knowledge at stake. The teaching stance emerges when studying the variables related to the nature of the data. It manifests itself when trainees plan the teaching of the concepts in play in many ways in order to target students' understanding and interpretation. However, the trainees do not anticipate the tasks making it possible to value the use of meaningful data such as those derived from daily reality and those collected by the students. This seems to have reduced the anticipation of tasks anchored on the development of statistical reasoning in students.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 7 March 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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