Dyade d'attachement et violence psychologique chez des couples en psychothérapie

Authors: Bellemare, Vincent
Advisor: Sabourin, Stéphane
Abstract: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem impacting millions of people around the world. The physical and psychological consequences of this phenomenon on the victims are multiple, such as chronic pain, sleep difficulties, a decrease in the level of activation, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and low self-esteem (Black et al., 2011). The perpetration of IPV behaviors is associated, among other things, with adult attachment insecurity (Gou & Woodin, 2017, Sommer, Babcock, & Sharp, 2017). The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between the attachment dimensions of dating partners (i.e. abandonment anxiety and avoidance of intimacy) and their respective perpetrated levels of psychological IPV. A sample of 279 heterosexual couples was recruited from a couple counseling clientele at Laval University psychology clinic to answer questionnaires on attachment and frequency of perpetrated behaviors of psychological IPV. Contrary to expectations, there is no interaction relationship between partners attachment and psychological IPV behaviors reported within the couple in this sample. Pathway analyzes of the APIM model indicate that high rates of anxiety in an individual predicts an increase in one's own psychological IPV behaviors, while high rates of avoidance in an individual predicts in some measures a decrease in psychological IPV behaviors in his partner. These results support the influence that insecurity of attachment can have on marital dynamics in IPV context. They will contribute to the development of better practices in conjugal intervention where one or both partners use violence within their couple.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 7 March 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/38208
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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