UGT2B17 : marqueur de récidive biochimique du cancer de la prostate après prostatectomie radicale

Authors: Melo Garcia, Luciana
Advisor: Guillemette, ChantalLévesque, Éric
Abstract: The enzyme uridine glucuronyltransferase 2B17 (UGT2B17) inactivates androgens and influences androgen exposure in the prostate. Thus, UGT2B17 genetic variability can change its activity as well as hormone levels and might have an impact in PCa progression. We have studied the association between UGT2B17 gain-of-function polymorphisms (rs59678213C>T and rs6817882T>C) with hormone levels and the risk of biochemical recurrence in 526 patients who had localized PCa after radical prostatectomy. The effect of UGT2B17 overexpression on PCa phenotype was also analysed in 239 primary tumours by tissue microarray (TMA). Besides, we have determined the hormonal profile of 48 patients with both localized PCa and UGT2B17 complete deletion. When compared to non-carriers, patients having rs59678213TT genotype presented a 14% reduction in androsterone (ADT) levels (p = 0.002). They also had increased levels of glucuronide metabolites such as ADT-G (16% reduction; p = 0.002) and 3α-diol-17-G (18 %; p = 0.005), which is in keeping with greater UGT2B17 activity. Carriers of this genetic variant were also at increased risk of biochemical recurrence (HR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.23 – 2.64; p = 0.002). Furthermore, patients carrying UGT2B17 complete deletion had increased levels of adrenal precursors (≥ 33 %; p < 0.006). Tumoral overexpression of UGT2B17 was associated with decreased levels of PSA, smaller tumours and lower rates of positive margins. It was also an independent marker for biochemical recurrence (HR = 2.05; 95% CI: 1.04–4.37; p = 0.047). In summary, UGT2B17 genetic variants and tumoral overexpression of UGT2B17 significantly modify androgenic levels and seem to influence PCa progression.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 5 March 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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