Impact du type de fluide laitier sur les performances du procédé d'osmose inverse pour la production d'eau de procédé
|Advisor:||Doyen, Alain; Pouliot, Yves|
|Abstract:||The processing of 1 liter of milk requires 6.3 liters of drinking water. As a consequence, in Quebec the dairy industry uses on average 13.6 million m³ of water per year, about 160,000 m³ of water per plant. As the milk contains mostly water (88%), drinking water consumption could be reduced if the cow water was valued in dairies, for instance reused as process water (as drinking water, heat transfer vector, rinsing, washing). Indeed most of the water contained in milk can be extracted by reverse osmosis (RO) processing. Depending on its final utilization, physical or chemical treatments are required to ensure the microbiological and chemical safety of the water, then to meet the quality requirements for the water reclaimed from milk. In this way, our project aimed at identifying the optimal conditions for concentration of dairy fluids (milk, whey, UF permeate) by RO to produce high-potential water for several purposes in the plant and minimize the energy use. Our work intent was also to generate technical and economic data relating to the processing of cow water. Experimental datas showed that a single RO step was not sufficient to produce process water winth an accepatable conductivity for reuse (<10μS/cm). However RO/polishing steps allowed to reach a 99.9% reduction of conductivity in the water produced. UF permeate sequence reached the best operating and economic performances at pilot scale. Indeed, overall filtration performances as permeation flux, energetic consumption and economic cost depended on the composition of the different fluids. The reclaiming and recycling water process from dairy fluids must take into account the overal dairy processing to improve the eco-efficiency in dairy plants.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||15 February 2020|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
All documents in CorpusUL are protected by Copyright Act of Canada.