Adaptation des infrastructures de transport du MTQ au Nunavik : bilan de la performance et validation de la méthode de conception thermique

Authors: Baron Hernandez, Maria Fernanda
Advisor: Allard, MichelDoré, Guy
Abstract: For several years now, climate change has had a major influence on the degradation of permafrost, which has a direct impact on infrastructure stability. Nunavik is the northern part of the province of Quebec where there are no roads or railways connecting the villages. Air and marine transportation are therefore essential to ensure communication between the villages and the rest of the province. The construction of transportation embankments inevitably affects the thermal regime of the ground and can lead to thermal degradation of the underlying permafrost, resulting in a significant loss of structural and functional capacity of the infrastructure. To reduce the impacts of permafrost thawing on transportation infrastructure, several protection techniques have been developed. These different techniques are based on reducing the heat input under the infrastructure and increasing the heat extraction from the embankment. The analysis of the results of a long-term monitoring of three test sites is presented in this document. In Tasiujaq, the three mitigation methods that have been installed in the slope of the airstrip embankment are a gentle slope embankment, an air convection embankment and a heat drain, and the results of the analysis demonstrate how the gentle slope performs best under Tasiujaq's climate conditions. At the Puvirnituq airstrip, the project is studying an air convection embankment, finding that the current height of the embankment provides thermal stability by leaving a one-metre safety margin for future climate change. On the road to the Salluit airport, the permafrost mitigation method under study is a heat drain, which, according to the analyses performed, was not necessary in terms of heat balance, but was beneficial in generating a large safety margin for this important infrastructure.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 14 February 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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