Synthèse de copolymères fluorés à base de dicétopyrrolopyrrole pour applications en électronique organique

Authors: Soligo, Eliane
Advisor: Leclerc, Mario
Abstract: π-conjugated polymers are widely used in electronic devices such as organic field effect transistors (OFET) and organic solar cells (OSC). As opposed to their inorganic counterparts, they can be used for low-cost flexible devices. Organic materials such as polymers can take advantage of their solubility in usual solvents to be formulated as inks. These inks may be printed using known printing techniques. Dithienyldiketopyrrolopyrrole (DT-DPP) as a unit has shown great potential for this type of applications. DT-DPP-based materials have shown efficiencies close to 10% in OSC and holes mobilities higher than 1 cm2V- 1s-1 for OFET. However, very few organic N-type transistors show good electron mobilities. Power conversion efficiency (PCE) enhancement is feasible; it is likely that mobility increase for DPP polymers is doable from structural changes. In recent literature, there is growing interest for substitution by fluorine atoms on π-conjugated polymers (especially for protons). Various benefits such as lowering the HOMO and the LUMO of resulting polymers come from fluorine substitution. This parameter leads to better electron mobility in OFETs, a plus for N-type materials, and leads to an increase in the open circuit voltage in OSC. It has been observed for various fluorinated polymers containing the DT-DPP unit that the energy levels are lowered compared to their non-fluorinated analogues. Fluorine atoms and hydrogen atoms have similar van der Waals radii of 135 and 120 pm respectively, which insures that the substitution does not affect steric hindrance. The fluorine atom can also lower the diedral angle between two thiophene units leading to better π-stacking, thus better charge mobilities. The project consists in the synthesis of the DFT-DPP monomer followed by its polymerization using direct (hetero) arylation polymerization (DHAP), a new polymerization technique that, among other things, benefits from the fluorine atom. DFT-DPP based donor-acceptor copolymers and defect-free homopolymers are prepared using this technique and tested in OSC and OFET.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2020
Open Access Date: 13 February 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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