Study and design of a small kerosene burner

Authors: Béland, Mathieu
Advisor: Champlain, Alain de
Abstract: The main objective of this work is to design a small kerosene burner to study the fireproofing capacity of composite material under flame attack. The standards AC20-135 and ISO-2685 described how the fireproofing tests have to be performed and are used to set the requirements for the design of the small kerosene burner. The burner sprays liquid jet-A droplets and air is flowing around the injector in an annular chamber. The combustion generates an unconfined flame. The fuel injector selected is a Delavan spill-return pressure atomizer. There is a custom 3D printed plastic swirler at the air exit near the combustion area to increase the mixing between air and jet-A droplets. A computational fluid dynamic analysis (CFD) is presented to better understand the aerodynamic of the burner and to design the swirler. The design of the burner allows to easily change the swirler to test different vane angles. An experimental test bench is designed to test the effect of these swirlerson the heat flux under multiple combinations of burner power and equivalence ratio at four axial measurement locations. The experimental investigation allows selecting the final configuration and parameters for the burner. The chosen swirler has 15 vanes that are oriented 25° to the burner axis. The best axial location for the measurements is at 7.6 cm (3 in.). It is possible to generate a flame with a diameter smaller than 6.4 cm (2.5 in.) while reaching the required heat flux of 116 kW/m2. This accommodates smaller coupon sizes and reduces cost for pre-certification testing. To achieve this flame configuration, the burner power should be set between 10 kW to 20 kW with an equivalence ratio between 0.7 and 0.9.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 13 February 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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