Dépistage et suivi des pucerons et aleurodes vecteurs de virus et identification des diverses sources de contamination virale dans les fraisières du Québec
|Advisor:||Fournier, Valérie; Tellier, Stéphanie|
|Abstract:||In Quebec, strawberry decline disease outbreak occurring in strawberry fields (Fragaria x ananassa Duchesne) has been predominantly caused by viruses (SMoV, SVBV, SPaV, SMYEV and SCV). The vectors are the strawberry aphid, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Hemiptera : Aleyrodidae). This 2-year study had six objectives. First, we compared the effectiveness of two screening techniques, yellow sticky traps and yellow pan-traps. The results demonstrated that the yellow sticky traps are more effective for capturing aphids and whiteflies, all species combined. The second objective was to determine the flight periods of the main vectors across the province. The results indicated that the winged strawberry aphids are mainly present in strawberry fields from early July until early September. As for the greenhouse whitefly, it is mainly present from early June and extends through October. The third objective was to measure the prevalence of SMYEV and SCVin winged strawberry aphid specimens captured in 2014 and 2015. The RT-PCR results indicated that 38% of the aphids (N=205) captured were infected. The fourth objective was to examine the ability of wild strawberries (Fragaria virginiana Miller) to be a long-term host for strawberry viruses. The RT-PCR results demonstrated that 67% of the wild strawberry patches tested (N=12) were infected and therefore, represent a natural reservoir. The fifth objective was to monitor the viruses’ accumulation in 14 strawberry fields throughout the province, using protected and exposed control plants. The results confirmed that the exposed control strawberry plants accumulated viruses following the vectors’ flights over the season. Finally, we carried out a considerable inventory of the different species of aphids and whiteflies found in strawberries. This study has provided important contributions to the management of virus-carrying insects as part of the problem of the strawberry declinein Quebec.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||7 February 2020|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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