Être ou ne pas être britannique, telle est la question : idéologie des partis conservateurs britannique et écossais

Authors: Fréchet, Nadjim
Advisor: Dufresne, YannickMontigny, Éric
Abstract: The political and ideological decisions of the British Conservative Party under Thatcher and Major leadership have long made the Scottish Conservative Party unpopular with Scottish voters. Nevertheless, the Scottish Conservative Party has remarkably improved its election results at the 2016 Scottish election and the 2017 British election. This memory thesis, divided into two distinct chapters, assesses whether the Scottish Conservative Party last electoral results can be explained by different factors related to the economic, cultural, and centre-periphery ideological cleavages. The first chapter assesses which of the three ideological cleavages had the most important effect on the conservative vote in Scotland and the UK, at the 2017 election using panel data from the 2014-2017 British Election Study. The results show that the more a voter is on the right economically, higher is the probability that he voted for the Conservative Party in the UK and Scotland. The results also show that the likelihood of voting Conservative is almost the same in the UK as in Scotland, depending on the voters’ position on the three ideological scales. The second chapter assesses whether the Scottish Conservative Party’s recent election results are not due to its ideological detachment from the British Conservative Party from 2012 to 2019. With data from the 2012-2015 Scottish Attitude Survey, from the 2012-2017 British Attitude Survey, from the 2014-2019 panel data from British Election Study and from parliamentary debate texts of British and Scottish conservative politicians from 2012 to 2019, the results show that the Scottish and British conservative parties have not moved ideologically apart. Overall, the results tend to show that the rise of the Scottish Conservative Party is not due to its ideological detachment from the British Conservative Party.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 22 January 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37888
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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