Le métal noir québécois : l'analyse du récit identitaire d'une communauté black metal marginale

Authors: St-Laurent, Mei-Ra
Advisor: Côté, Gérald; Lacasse, Serge
Abstract: This thesis refers to the analysis of the identity-based narrative (resulting from music, imagery and speech) of the Québec black metal community (MNQ). Having developed in the province of Quebec around 2005, this still active community contains several groups (including Forteresse, Brume d’Automne and Chasse-Galerie) using the black metal style. Coming from Northern Europe, this style was created in the 1980s and deals mainly with occult topics, the valorization of pre-Christian cultures or even nationalism, and this, with the help of a lo-fi sound production. The particularity of the MNQ community lies in the adaptation of the black metal style to the Québec context. Thus, musicians project a romantic vision of an independent Québec through music, imagery and speeches. In doing so, they create an identity-based narrative, where the various events related to the history of the province are revisited to better fit into the black metal ideology to which they adhere. To better understand how the musical narrative is structured, as well as those arising from the interpretation of the images of the booklets and the discourse of the members of the community, the concepts of phonographic, paraphonographic and communal narrative were used. The junction of these three levels of narrative makes it possible to reveal the « identity-based » narrative, a concept elaborated by the philosopher Paul Ricoeur. Indeed, he argues that our personal and collective identity is ordered through narrative and that the interpretation of different historical events – by the members of a given community – forms a particular identity-based narrative. To understand this identity-based narrative, I conducted 21 ethnographic interviews with members of the community and performed the analysis of 48 songs total from 10 MNQ groups. Thus, the junction of these levels of narrative has fostered a better understanding of the specific musical, visual and discursive elements of this community which, in addition to reusing the ideological and aesthetic codes specific to black metal, draws on Québec cultural and historical references.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 22 January 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37885
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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