L'effondrement de performance, la léthargie et la performance de pointe chez les joueurs de golf universitaires québécois
|Abstract:||Sport’s world sometimes misunderstands the definition and the mechanism of choking, slumping and the flow in sport. Most of the time, coaches and athletes use these terms to talk about any inferior sport performance. Since the mid 80’s, many concepts and definitions have been developed around these two subjects and researchers are still questioning about the differences between choking and slumping in sport. Even though many models were developed to help athletes to reach their full potential, very few studies gave strategies to overcome a slump or a choke. The goals of this study are to give athletes the opportunity to talk about their feelings, sensations and thoughts when they had a choking or slumping event. In fact, the aim of this study is to know more about the knowledge of the athletes concerning their own definition of choking, slumping and the flow in sport. A qualitative/inductive methodology was used, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 elite golfers in four different universities until empiric saturation was reached with the participants answers. The results will be interpreted linked with Hill’s researches (2010a; 2010b; 2013; 2013) on choking in sports and Taylor’s (1988) review on slump. Using triangulation, data will provide new concepts and definitions of choking, slumping and the flow in sport. Results show that athletes cannot give a definition of choking with the same criterions as Hill’s researches. Athletes are not able to make the difference between a choking or a slumping event, which are totally different. Also, most of athletes interviewed mentioned that they experienced anger, frustration and sadness when they had a choking event in the past. Furthermore, athletes are not able the give a clear example of a choking or slumping event, because they have difficulties analysing their own performances based on their scores or feeling during tournaments. The main result of this study is the creation of performances curves showing variations of performance (normal performance, drop, peak, slump and choking episode). This study should give tools for coaches and athletes about analyzing correctly their performances. Also, it should provide mental coaches and sport psychologists proofs that athletes can’t give a proper definition of choking and slumping in sport, which should lead to better teaching and better coaching. Finally, the creation of the performance curves is the main highlight of this project. This is the first time that normal performance, choking, slumping and peak performance are illustrated to give a better understanding to athletes and coaches.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||17 January 2020|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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