Repenser l'éducation en Algérie : de la répartition équitable à l'usage effectif des ressources et l'atteinte des résultats convoités : étude des facteurs de conversion (personnel, social et environnemental) des redoublants au BAC lors de la phase de transition vers les études supérieures : Cas de la ville de Constantine

Authors: Allam, Amel
Advisor: Héon, Lucie
Other Title(s): De la répartition équitable à l'usage effectif des ressources et l'atteinte des résultats convoités
Étude des facteurs de conversion (personnel, social et environnemental) des redoublants au BAC lors de la phase de transition vers les études supérieures : Cas de la ville de Constantine
Abstract: This thesis deals with educational and professional counselling system (EPCS) dedicated to support students who failed the Baccalaureate examination (BAC) of the city of Constantine, Algeria, and the inequalities it can cause for them. This student population is identified as vulnerable because of their labelling "failure at the BAC" and as a population unequally valued in its orientation course at the time of its transition to higher education (Picard et al., 2015, p. 4). Their state of vulnerability is expressed in many ways, including those related to parents' schooling, the socio-economic situation of the family, and lack of academic performance, which then generates inequalities during the transition to university (Picardet al., 2015). The Capability Approach (CA) of Amartya Sen (1992, 1993) was subsequently selected as part of this study. Its goal is to identify conversion factors that may support the student who has to retake the BAC exam during his transition to university and his choice of a study project to which he aspires the most. In other words, it identifies personal, social and environmental factors that may or may not be capacitating during the transition phase from high school to higher education. The first specific objective of the research is to identify the resources offered by the Algerian Educational and Professional Counselling System (AEPCS) to students who fail on the Baccalaureate Exam (BAC) depending on whether or not they create realistic options (opportunities) predisposed to offer them a real freedom to build a valued choice in terms of orientation and discipline choice in order to successfully transition to higher education. The second objective is to discern the relationship between students who fail the exam with Educational and Professional counselors (EPC) support to determine the degree to which their interactions could be contributing factors to helping or obstructing their transition to higher education. Finally, the third objective attempts to distinguish the personal and social conversion factors supporting or patterning the transition to the higher cycle of students who fail at the BAC exam. To achieve these three objectives, two samples took part in this qualitative study: nine (N = 09) students who fail at the BAC, of which (N = 4) girls and (N = 5) boys, and four (N = 4) EPC women advisers affiliated to three EPC centres in the city of Constantine. The structured results suggest gaps in the relevance of the government services offered in terms of academic guidance and counselling for high school students and also simply administrative management of students' orientation files without taking into account their real aspirations and their skills related to their self-management skills. Keywords: Educational and vocational guidance system, transition, BAC level failure, social justice, capabilities approach (CA) Amartya Sen, conversion factors (individual, social and environmental).
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 17 January 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37845
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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