Le lecteur contraint : prédétermination de la lecture en contexte numérique dans Déprise, The Stanley Parable et Chronique(s) d'Abîme
|Abstract:||The coming of the digital age is not without its effects on our literary practices: it transforms our way of telling a story, and of creating, conceiving, diffusing and especially reading a work. This master’s thesis is mostly interested in this last upheaval: the relation between the reader and the work. If it seems agreed today that the modalities of reading are complexified or even renewed when they take place in a digital context, in particular through a more explicit interaction with the reading device, this apparent appropriation of the text doesn’t necessarily lead to a gain of freedom for the reader. On the contrary, this thesis postulates that the notion of constraint is relevant to approach the act of digital reading, reverberating in a particularly intense manner on various levels (device, mechanics, and text) of the form and functioning of works, which circumscribe the reader to limited, controlled, predetermined and less effective gestures. The goal is to study the manifestations of the constraint of reading by analyzing digital narrative fictions: Déprise, The Stanley Parable and Chronique(s) d’Abîme. These works belong to different practices (web fiction, video game, interactive fiction on mobile devices) that cut across several media (computer, tablet, smartphone). They thus seem representative of the diversity of digital narrative productions, while sharing the same feature: the constraining dimension of their reading. Key words: digital literature, constraint, reading in a digital context, interactivity, digital narrative fictions, video game, web fiction, interactive fiction on mobile devices, agency, manipulation gestures, discourse, control, freedom.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||15 January 2020|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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