Coconstruction du discours écrit d'élèves de l'ÉÉR supportée par l'utilisation des échafaudages du Knowledge Forum

Authors: Duran Correa, Maria Isabel
Advisor: Hamel, Christine
Abstract: “In a short time, Information and Communication Technologies have become one of the pillars of modern society” (UNESCO, 2004, p.3) and this entails in-depth debates on their integration into the school environment. We are interested in networked learning as an innovative teaching practice that meets the needs of today's students. This research is based on the electronic forum of the Remote Networked School initiative, the Knowledge Forum. Scaffolds inserted in the forum support students in the development of their skills by using language (Wood et al., 1976, Pea, 2004) in a written form. They allow students to identify the nature of their publications, in order to organize their ideas and to think about knowledge (Land, 2004) that they co-construct from written interactions. This study, therefore, seeks to analyse the use made of scaffolds and the co-construction of the explanation discourse supported by this use. Our research shows that all scaffolds were used and that students consistently choose scaffolds related to the content of their publications. In addition, the results illustrate that "My theory" is the most popular scaffold, and secondly that scaffolds "This theory cannot explain" and "Better theory" are starting to be used by elementary school students, thus engaging into collective knowledge somehow deeper. These results lead us to take a deep interest in the place of these two less used scaffolds. Our research also reveals that students relied on the use of scaffolds to create notes to explain factual information as well as brief explanations supported by facts, which is to say that they linked scaffolds to co-constructed explanation.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 14 January 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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