Analyse du changement de politique étrangère : le Brésil comme étude de cas

Authors: Sarr, Mamadou Lamine
Advisor: Mace, Gordon
Abstract: This thesis deals with a still marginal phenomenon in foreign policy analysis, namely the foreign policy change. Indeed, the analysis of the reasons that lead a State to give a new orientation to its foreign policy, as well as the modalities by which it is carried out, requires more contributions and this thesis is one of them. In this thesis, we consider that, theoretically, the analysis of foreign policy change is made on two elements: the context and the perceptions of the decision-makers. Based on the case of Brazil, this thesis asks the following question: what led the government of President Lula da Silva from 2003, to reorient its foreign policy, specifically that towards Africa? Our hypothesis suggests that the reorientation of Brazil's African policy from 2003 is explained more by differences in perceptions among heads of state than by elements of context. For president Cardoso, the insertion of Brazil in the international system was mainly through the consolidation of relations with the Western powers, while for Lula da Silva, this insertion required a strengthening of South-South cooperation with Africa as a point of reference. The verification of this hypothesis focuses on a content analysis of presidential speeches.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 January 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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