L'analyse spatiale des restes fauniques d'un site d'habitation des Inuits du Cuivre, au XIXe siècle, sur l'île Banks (T.N.O.), Canada

Authors: Lévesque, Roxane
Advisor: Woollett, James
Abstract: This study examines Copper Inuit food distribution and reciprocal exchange practices through a spatial analysis of archaeological faunal remains, namely musk ox (Ovibos moschatus) osteological remains. A faunal collection from the Kuptana site (PjRa-18), excavated in 1981-82 by Clifford Hickey, Banks Island (N.W.T.), Canada, was used to provide evidence of food sharing practices. Because of it’s preservation and limited taxonomic diversity, the Kuptana site was deemed to be an ideal context for the application of bone refitting and spatial analysis techniques used to reveal food sharing patterns. The faunal analysis identifies butchering, storage and consumption areas on the site and established links between them by refitting comminuted bone, by rejoining articulated bones and through the identification of matched pairs of elements and by mapping their spatial distribution. These elements provide a means of documenting the complex paths carcasses may take at a residential site and of interpreting the mobilisation of food resources in a foraging community. The analysis provides an empirical case study detailing how parts of musk ox carcasses were shared amongst members of a 19th century Inuit summer camp. The study provides evidence of structured food exchange between family units comprising the residential group, and characterises egalitarian social relationships in a band society. Finally, it contributes an evaluation of methods available to zooarchaeologist for pursuing these goals.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 January 2020
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/37740
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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