Insensibilité émotionnelle et problèmes de comportement : validation de l'outil antisocial process screening device auprès d'enfants d'âge préscolaire

Authors: Audet Paradis, Fanny
Advisor: Lussier, Patrick
Abstract: Psychopathy is an important clinical construct defined as a personality disorder characterized primarily by a lack of empathy and guilt, irresponsible and impulsive behaviors, and narcissism and oversized ego (Cleckley, 1941, 1988, Hare 1996, Hare et Neumann, 2008). The current state of knowledge makes it possible to affirm that these features appear early in a person’s development (DeLisi, 2016; Lynam, 1996). In parallel to this, a line of research has been focusing on the description and measurement of children's callous unemotional and behavioral problems (Frick & Hare, 2010). The Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) was created to evaluate these psychopathic tendencies in childhood. However, the validation of APSD with young children has hardly been done. Therefore, the general objective of this thesis is to validate the APSD with a sample of preschool children, in order to increase knowledge about the manifestation of psychopathic tendencies early in childhood. This validation will be done using exploratory factorial analyses on a sample of 335 children between 3 and 5 years old in order to identify the factorial structure of the tool in this age group. In addition, a comparison of constructs was made with the Conners Parent Rating Scale - Revised (Long) (CPRS-R (L)) subscales, measuring similar concepts to APSD dimensions. Once these analyses were performed, two factorial structures of the APSD were identified and the comparison with the CPRS-R (L) seems conclusive. The results suggest that the APSD tool would be valid in terms of research for measuring behavioral problems and callous unemotional in preschool children. If it is possible to identify precursors, these results could thus allow deepening the knowledge on the development and the etiology of adult psychopathy.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 January 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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