Genèse et mutations du parc des Laurentides : urbanité, territorialité et l'aménagement de l'espace naturel

Authors: Bouchard, Maxwell
Advisor: Hatvany, Matthew George
Abstract: Conservation and preservation are concepts that historically involve different ideological relationships with nature. The way in which these concepts evolved over time and influenced the management of one of the first parks in Quebec, the parc des Laurentides (1895), is at the heart of this study in historical geography. In 1981, most of the territory of the park was replaced by a réserve faunique (conservation) and two smaller national parks (preservation), which differ by their degree of tolerance of human intervention. This supposes that these two ideologies coexisted within the parc des Laurentides, despite its status as a “national park”. The parc des Laurentides was a government project with the objective of simplifying its space to better understand, control and enhance it, resulting in different spatial representations. Through the analysis of historical maps and annual reports produced by the various departments responsible for managing the park between 1895-1981, the objective of the study is to identify the main representations that the State had of the natural space of the park, and how they influenced its land use planning. With the passing of the Loi sur les parcs in 1977, the various representations identified could no longer coexist within the parc des Laurentides, as together they implied conservation and preservation measures. In a broader context, the historical geography of the Parc des Laurentides ties together two opposite movements of the nature-culture relationship in Quebec that spanned from the end of the 19th century to the 1970s: from the privatization of public forest lands through the establishment of private hunting and fishing clubs, to the democratization of wilderness that resulted in the establishment of the existing outdoor network that benefits a society in search of wilderness.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2019
Open Access Date: 9 January 2020
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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